When something in our lives go wrong, often we may blame and criticize ourselves for doing the wrong thing or not doing the right thing. Regretting an action is a normal human reaction when bad things happened but guilt and shame is a much deeper emotion that can affect our self-worth.


Why do we feel guilt?

We feel guilty when an action that we did or should have been done has caused hurt to someone else. Guilt is a social emotion that results from a person’s conscience and introspection. It is a pro-social behavior that helps a person to understand how a behavior or action has negatively affected another person.

Adaptive guilt can be constructive if it is well processed and corrective actions taken. Neurotic guilt however can lead to maladaptive coping and mental conditions. Learning self-forgiveness can help to reduce feelings of guilt.


What is Shame

While guilt is mainly about an action, shame is often directed at self. Shame is a negative feeling about our character and how our flaws have caused a bad situation to happened or to cause harm to someone, including ourselves.

Shame, often leads to self-blame and thinking that you deserve to suffer. It can lead to self-handicapping, for example, a person who has been shamed for not being intelligent may sub-consciously decide not to study. Hence not studying hard enough becomes the reason for poor results and not because of low intelligence. Sometimes a person who feels shameful and unloved may deliberately damage a relationship to reinforce the self-believe that one is not lovable. Shame is not a pro-social emotion and is psychologically damaging to one-self.


When is it NOT ok to practice self-forgiveness.


When a person has been a victim of another person’s wrong-doing, such as victims of abuse, seeking self-forgiveness can be a reflection of self-blame and shame. It’s the perpetrator that needs forgiveness and not the victim. If a person who has been victimized feels responsible for being hurt,  there may be deep rooted self-condemning believes that needs to be dealt with.

Recalcitrant perpetrators

When a person hurts another person repeatedly without any regret or effort to stop the actions, may use self-forgiveness as an excuse to dull their conscience so that they can continue to hurt others. If you know of any such person, please get professional help for them.


Responsible self-forgiveness

Self-forgiveness is not pushing blame and excusing one-self from misdeeds. Responsible self-forgiveness is about facing up to one’s failures and working on doing things better the next time.

How difficult or easy is the process of self-forgiveness depends on how complex is the guilt and our self-concept. How much we accept and love ourselves.


Here are 4 steps of self-forgiveness.

1.Process what happened.

Think about one specific event when you felt you did wrong. This should be an event that bothers you quite a bit. Be detailed about what happened.

E.g, Don’t say I was nasty to my bestie. Instead say “I shouted at my bestie when she asked me about my exam results”.

Think through:

  • What was happening at that time?
  • What caused you to act the way you did?
  • What were you thinking at that time?
  • What did you do or say?
  • Why does your behavior cause you to feel guilty?
  • How does that action cause conflict with your values and what you believe in?


2.Forgive yourself

Self-forgiveness is about restoring that sense of self-worth and making effort to live up to your values. It can be a very challenging process as it requires us to accept that we did do wrong.

Often, to protect our ego, we may resort to these reactions:

  • Denying that our actions or lack of, caused hurt. But denying that you hurt someone or yourself will not erase the incident. The hurt will keep resurfacing.
  • Excusing yourself from blame or blaming others. A valid excuse will help clarify the situation but if hurt has been inflicted, it will not remedy the wounds.
  • Forgetting about the incident. Once a memory is formed in our minds, it’s very difficult to forget. Often, the harder you try to forget the more you will remember. This is because you will have to bring to mind the memory in order to tell yourself to forget. Doing so would reinforce the memory.
  • Pretending that it never happened. We can get back onto the relationship and try to normalize things but trust in that relationship will be challenged. Talking about it and asking for forgiveness will help to start the healing of the relationship.

In other to regain a positive sense of self-worth, self-forgiveness would be needed.

  • Own up to our action and behavior that contributed to another person being hurt.
  • Realize that our actions did not match up to our values.
  • Recognize that we will continue to grow and change as a person.
  • Believe that one wrong action and behavior does not define who we are and who we can become.


Now , write a self-forgiveness contract for yourself:

3.Ask for forgiveness.

Do something to make up for the wrong doing and try to repair the relationship.

  • Make an effort to apologize and make-good the hurt and wrong that you did
  • When a wrong is done, the victim will feel an injustice gap. The bigger the offence the bigger the injustice gap. Saying sorry may not help to reduce a big injustice gap.
  • Do what you can to reduce the injustice gap and remediate the wrong.
  • When you apologise, show empathy to that person. Recognize the pain that was experienced by the other person as a result of your actions.
  • You can write a detailed and private letter to that person.
  • If it’s safe to meet with that person, try rehearsing what you want to say before meeting up.


4.Work towards being a better version of you

Sometimes even after we’ve tried to make good for our wrong, those accusing voices will still taunt us. It may be because the person that we hurt is unable to release forgiveness. Or it could be that we are unable to truly forgive ourselves because we’ve come face to face with a personal flaw that we find unacceptable. Because we are human, there will always be a gap between the person we want to be and the person that we are. But we can work towards being that person.

How to be that you that you want to be
  1. What do you value and how does it show up? Pick a few personal values and write down what actions and behavior would represent these values.
  2. Be as detailed as you can about the action and behavior that you imagine for yourself so that you can live up to that value.
  3. Keep all these values and behaviors in mind and try to put it into action on a daily basis.
  4. Knowing what we value and the type of person we want to be will guide us in the decision and directions in all we do.

You may still fall short occasionally. But it’s gonna be ok, just forgive yourself again and keep trying.







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